DABHOL AND SHAHI MASJID (ANDA MASJID)

The Dabhol port boasts of centuries old history. Dabhol was of great importance in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. It used to be the principal port of South Konkan region, carrying on trade with

A 16th century Portuguese watercolour depiction of the port city of Dabul in India, entitled Távoa de Dabull (“Plate of Dabul”) featuring also an unusual Portuguese bastard-galley, sporting a square-rigged mast at the bow. Drawn by Dom João de Castro in 1538, for his work Roteiro de Goa a Diu, an itinerary in which were compiled geographical and hydro graphical information of the western coast of India between Goa and Diu.

ports in the Mediterranean, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. During 13th to 15th centuries this port was ruled by the Bahamani dynasty and was known as Mustafabad. Later on it was Hamjabad and then it was Dabhol.

 

You can find many religious places of Hindus and Muslims. There is a fine mosque called Shahi Masjid with dome and minarets standing close to the port which was built in Adilshah’s Regime. It is said that Adilshah’s Begum spent around 1.5 million rupees in Indian currency for the construction of this mosque. Shahi Masjid is an excellent example of Muslim architecture. Dabhol was previously very famous, but of late much ruined by the Wars, and decreased in trade.

Dabhol was conquered by Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj around 1660 and annexed to the new Maratha kingdom. The erection of the Maratha fort of Anjanvel (Gopalgad)  right across the river eclipsed whatever role remained for Dabul, and the once-great port city simply evaporated and disappeared from the maps.

Attempts to locate the historic port have sometimes led historians to mistakenly identify historic Dabul with modern Dapoli, an interior town several miles north of Dabhol.

Due to the confluence of Hindus and Muslims population, Dabhol contains a number of religious places of both Hindus and Muslims.

Chandika Devi Mandir – Temple of Goddess Chandika, situated in a cave. The temple is believed to be a part of the ancient Dabhol fort. Remains of the fort wall can found at the entrance of temple premises. This is an underground temple. It is as old as Badami rock-cut temples.

Dabhol Jetty (Dhakka) – Until 80’s this jetty was being used for a boat service from Mumbai. Now it is used by fishing boats & for ferry services between Dabhol – Veldur, Dabhol-Govalkot.

Shahi Mosque – Also locally known as ‘Anda Masjid’. A beautiful mosque built in dressed black trap stone. The mosque was built in 1659 by Ayesh Bibi, princess of Bijapur. The Mosque is classified as heritage building by archaeological department. Shahi Masjid, one of the oldest masjid in Kokan region. The masjid was built with dome and minarets standing close to the port which was built in Adilshah’s Regime by the Princess Aisha Bibi in 1659-60 by the builder Kamil Khan. It is said that Adilshah’s Begum spent around 1.5 million rupees for the construction of this mosque. Shahi Masjid is an excellent example of Muslim architecture. There is a horse stable and fountain in good condition. Before 1800, Dabhol was said to be a famous port, but subsequently met with ruin due to wars and decreased trade

Sai Baba Mandir – The temple of god Sai Baba, located in Dhorsai, with dome and minarets standing close to the port which was built in Adilshah’s Regime by the Princess Aisha Bibi in 1659-60 by the builder Kamil Khan. It is said that Adilshah’s Begum spent around 1.5 million rupees for the construction of this mosque. Shahi Masjid is an excellent example of Muslim architecture. During that time, Dabhol was said to be famous, but subsequently met with ruin due to wars and decreased trade.

 

शाही मशीद, दाभोळ

कोकणामध्ये सोळाव्या शतकात म्हणजे आदिलशाही राजवटीत निर्माण झालेल्या मशीद म्हणून दोन मशिदींचा उल्लेख इतिहासात आढळतो. यातील एक म्हणजे चौलची हसाबा मशीद आणि दुसरी दापोलीत दाभोळ धक्क्यावर असलेली शाही मशीद. या मशिदीचा अंडा मशीद किंवा मासाहेबा मशीद म्हणूनही उल्लेख केला जातो.

कथा १: इ.स.१६५९ मध्ये विजापूरची राजकन्या आयेषाबीबी मक्केला जाण्यासाठी दाभोळला आली. हवामान ठीक नसल्याने पुढला प्रवास होऊ शकला नाही. तिच्यासोबत २०,००० घोडेस्वार व इतर लवाजमा होता. प्रवास रद्द झाल्याचे निश्चित कळल्यावर काय करावे या विवंचनेत असताना सोबत असलेल्या काझी व मौलवीने धन धार्मिक कार्यासाठी वापरावे असा सल्ला दिला. आयेषाबीबीने त्यानुसार ही मशीद बांधायचे काम हाती घेतले. ते चार वर्षे चालले. कामीलखान नामक शिल्पकाराने ही मशीद बांधली. त्यावेळेस १५ लाख रुपये खर्च आल्याची नोंद आहे.

शाही मशीद, दाभोळ

कथा २: दुसऱ्या एका कथेनुसार सदर शहजादीला ऋतुदर्शन होईना म्हणून मक्केला जाण्यासाठी ती दाभोळ बंदरात आली. दोनचार दिवसानी ती निघणार तो ऋतू आला मग त्या मक्कावारीसाठी खर्च होण्याच्या पैशातून तिने ही भव्य मशीद बांधली.

कथा ३: तिसरी कथा म्हणजे एका फकिराने त्याच्याकडील एका अंड्यातून जन्मलेल्या एका कोंबडीपासून उत्पन्न झालेल्या अनेक कोंबड्या विकून ही मशीद उभारली. त्यामुळेच या मशिदीला अंडा मशीद असे नाव पडले. या मशिदीचे बांधकाम १५५९ मध्ये सुरु झाले व १५६३ मध्ये पूर्ण झाले अशीही एक इतिहास नोंद सापडते.

वास्तविक ही मशीद कोकण किनाऱ्यावरील सुस्थितीत असलेली आदिलशाही काळातील एकमेव इमारत आहे. मुघल स्थापत्यशैलीचा अप्रतिम नमुना आहे. दाभोळ आणि महाराष्ट्राच्या इतिहासातील महत्वपूर्ण वास्तू आहे.

 

 

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